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攻克高分作文之告示类应用文

来源: 英语作文网 时间: 2016-01-15 阅读:
2015考研英语二的小作文题目是“通知”,很多考生因为对英语二了解不多,对此类型作文复习不足,导致考场失利,为了避免2016的考生们再次遭遇作文的滑铁卢,现在就这类型的作文为大家做一讲解。
告示类应用文的写法各不相同,但大致上也有统一的格式和要求。比如,首先要写明告示的种类,如寻子启事(Child Lost),遗失启事(Lost),招领启事(Found),迁移启事(Removal),征稿启事(Contributions Wanted),鸣谢(Acknowledgements),招标启事(Invitation for Bids),更正启事(Corrections),开会通知(Notices),海报(Poster),公约(Pact),守则或规则(Rules),书刊介绍(Preface)等。然后注明日期,接着便是公告的内容,最后是公告单位或个人的署名。
告示类应用文的标题非常重要,要求点明告示的主旨,一般为词组性短语,基本结构如:名词+过去分词,如:Contributions Wanted(征稿启事),Child Lost(寻子启事);现在分词+名词,如:Looking for a Spouse(征婚启事),Exchanging House(换房启事);介词结构,如:Conditions for Car Rental(租车注意事项),Notice of Dismissal(免职通知),Notice of a Decision(决定通知),Christmas Clearance Sales(圣诞清仓大甩卖)等。
告示类应用文的时态一般用现在时或将来时,也可以用现在进行时表示近期即将发生的事情。
告示类应用文如通知、启事、便条等常用以下句型开头:
Your attention, please…
Under the auspices of…, …will organize/ hold a…match/ competition/ contest
between…and…on…
…has/ have the pleasure to announce/ notice…
…is/ are requested to note that…
…takes pleasure in announcing that…
…has/have the honor to announce…
May I have your attention, please…
It is hereby proclaimed/ announced/ noted/ made public that…
This is to notify/ notice/ announce that…
It has been decided that…
Under the auspices of…, a report/ lecture/ seminar on…will be given by…on…
Due to/ Owing to/ Because of/ In order to…, we beg to inform…that…
…is/ are authorized to invite/ announce/ declare that…
【范文】
English-Speaking Contest
In order to improve students’ ability to speak English and enrich after-class activities, the Students’ Union Department of English is organizing a school-wide English-speaking contest to be held on Saturday next week (8th September) at the Students’ Recreational Center. Those who are interested in taking part in it may sign up with the monitor of the classes before Thursday this week. Six overseas teachers will be invited to be the judges. The first six winners will be given awards. Everybody is welcome to be present at the contest.
Students’ Union
Department of English
以上就是告示类应用文的一些简单信息,其实通知与写信有很多相似之处,大家在平时复习的时候要学会触类旁通,把一些看似不相关的信息联系起来为我所用。 
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