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自恋的几种形式

来源: 英语作文网 时间: 2016-03-22 阅读:
Narcissists think they're better, smarter, and more important than the people around them - and they want to be treated as such, experts say.

有关专家说,自恋者通常认为自己比周围人更聪明、更优秀、更重要——他们也希望别人能这样看待他们。
 
A new TEDEd video breaks down the different types of narcissism1, from the obvious to the not-so obvious, and explains how these traits almost always take a turn for the dark side.
 
Psychologists define narcissism as an 'inflated2, grandiose3 self-image,' and it has persevered4 through the centuries as a personality trait and, in extreme cases, a psychological disorder5.
 
Narcissists have a tendency to act selfishly, according to the lesson by W. Keith Campbell, and this can present itself in many different ways.
 
According to the expert, 'it's like a disease where the sufferers feel pretty good, but the people around them suffer.'
 
Political leaders or people of power may make risky6 or unethical decisions as a result of narcissism, while narcissistic7 partners could be unfaithful and dishonest.
 
As a personality trait, narcissism can appear in two forms: grandiose narcissism and vulnerable narcissism.
 
In both forms, however, 'the dark side of narcissism' will ultimately show up over time.
 
A much more extreme type of narcissism also exists, and it's classified as a psychological disorder.
 
This is known as narcissistic personality disorder.
 
Research has linked narcissism to genetics, but it's still unknown which genes8 actually contribute to this.
 
Genes, environment, and cultural setting can all have a hand in fostering narcissism.



  
1 narcissism     
n.自我陶醉,自恋
参考例句:
  • Those who suffer from narcissism become self-absorbed.自恋的人会变得自私。
  • The collective narcissism of the Kerouac circle is ultimately boring.凯鲁亚克和他周围人物的集体自我陶醉欲最终使人厌烦不已。


  • 2 inflated     
    adj.(价格)飞涨的;(通货)膨胀的;言过其实的;充了气的v.使充气(于轮胎、气球等)( inflate的过去式和过去分词 );(使)膨胀;(使)通货膨胀;物价上涨
    参考例句:
  • He has an inflated sense of his own importance. 他自视过高。
  • They all seem to take an inflated view of their collective identity. 他们对自己的集体身份似乎都持有一种夸大的看法。 来自《简明英汉词典》


  • 3 grandiose     
    adj.宏伟的,宏大的,堂皇的,铺张的
    参考例句:
  • His grandiose manner impressed those who met him for the first time.他那种夸大的举止给第一次遇见他的人留下了深刻的印象。
  • As the fog vanished,a grandiose landscape unfolded before the tourists.雾气散去之后,一幅壮丽的景观展现在游客面前。


  • 4 persevered     
    v.坚忍,坚持( persevere的过去式和过去分词 )
    参考例句:
  • She persevered with her violin lessons. 她孜孜不倦地学习小提琴。
  • Hard as the conditions were, he persevered in his studies. 虽然条件艰苦,但他仍坚持学习。 来自辞典例句


  • 5 disorder     
    n.紊乱,混乱;骚动,骚乱;疾病,失调
    参考例句:
  • When returning back,he discovered the room to be in disorder.回家后,他发现屋子里乱七八糟。
  • It contained a vast number of letters in great disorder.里面七零八落地装着许多信件。


  • 6 risky     
    adj.有风险的,冒险的
    参考例句:
  • It may be risky but we will chance it anyhow.这可能有危险,但我们无论如何要冒一冒险。
  • He is well aware how risky this investment is.他心里对这项投资的风险十分清楚。


  • 7 narcissistic     
    adj.自我陶醉的,自恋的,自我崇拜的
    参考例句:
  • In the modern vocabulary, it was narcissistic. 用时髦话说,这是一种自我陶醉狂。 来自辞典例句
  • This is our Nielaoshi, a dwarf has also grown narcissistic teachers. 这就是我们的倪老师,一个长得又矮又自恋的老师。 来自互联网


  • 8 genes     
    n.基因( gene的名词复数 )
    参考例句:
  • You have good genes from your parents, so you should live a long time. 你从父母那儿获得优良的基因,所以能够活得很长。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Differences will help to reveal the functions of the genes. 它们间的差异将会帮助我们揭开基因多种功能。 来自英汉非文学 - 生命科学 - 生物技术的世纪



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