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Suzhou Embroidery

来源: 英语作文网 时间: 2016-03-22 阅读:

Suzhou embroidery1(刺绣) , Hunan embroidery, Sichuan embroidery and Guangdong embroidery are the four most famous in China. Suzhou embroidery has a long history. It has been excavated2 in Auspicious3 Tower and Mount Tiger Tower made in Northern Song in Five dynasties. The embroidery was made in rather professional ways, which is believed to be the earliest by now. It is recorded that suzhou embroidery was very prosperous and the art reached perfection after Song dynasty. Each family bred silkworms, made embroidery. There appeared embroidery thread lanes, brocade mills, embroidery flower streets, etc., in the city. That proved the prosperity of suzhou embroidery. Some lived by embroidering4. Daughters in rich families were engaged in it as a way of killing5 time and molding their experiment. That's how "popular embroidery", "boudoir(闺房) embroidery" and "palace embroidery" came into being. Suzhou embroidery in Qing dynasty reached its culmination6. Suzhou was called the "market of embroidery", famous both at home and abroad. There were various ways of knitting and they were applied7 widely. Mountains, rivers, lakes, pavilions(楼阁) , flowers and birds, characters were all embroidered8. Suzhou embroidery was largely needed in the palace. Therefore wonderful and magnificent embroidery sprang up.

At the end of Qin dynasty and the beginning of Ming dynasty, Songtao, an expert at embroidery, renovated9 the traditional way of knitting. Flowers and birds, characters embroidered in new ways, or endowed with new meaning were very characteristic. The image of Lina, the queen of Italy absorbed the theory of chiaroscuro10. Close attention was paid to the vividness of the images. Such embroidery was called "art embroidery" or "emulation11 embroidery". Songtao combined the previous art and his own experience, classified the way of knitting into 18 varieties, as recorded by Zhangsui in a book. Thus the way of knitting was systematized. Her own embroidery won several awards for the country in International Fair.

The pieces of embroidery on characters, animals and flowers, mountains and water are for appreciation12. They can also be made into pictures, book marks, a set of hanging scrolls13, etc. There are also the varieties of embroidery: single-side embroidery, double-side embroidery of different colors. Double-side embroidery, the specific style of suzhou embroidery can be appreciated from both sides. Pictures look exactly the same and wonderful on both sides. Special ways are used in knitting instead of knotting. There the end of silk threads are invisible. It is knitted in the right angle without piercing the other side. Both sides will present the same excellent effect. The Nangjing Bridge, Xiangjun, the peony(牡丹,芍药) , the cat, the goldfish are the masterpieces in double-side embroidery.

1 embroidery     
  • This exquisite embroidery won people's great admiration.这件精美的绣品,使人惊叹不已。
  • This is Jane's first attempt at embroidery.这是简第一次试着绣花。

  • 2 excavated     
    v.挖掘( excavate的过去式和过去分词 );开凿;挖出;发掘
  • The site has been excavated by archaeologists. 这个遗址已被考古学家发掘出来。
  • The archaeologists excavated an ancient fortress. 考古学家们发掘出一个古堡。 来自《简明英汉词典》

  • 3 auspicious     
  • The publication of my first book was an auspicious beginning of my career.我的第一本书的出版是我事业吉祥的开始。
  • With favorable weather conditions it was an auspicious moment to set sail.风和日丽,正是扬帆出海的黄道吉日。

  • 4 embroidering     
    v.(在织物上)绣花( embroider的现在分词 );刺绣;对…加以渲染(或修饰);给…添枝加叶
  • He always had a way of embroidering. 他总爱添油加醋。 来自辞典例句
  • Zhao Junxin learned the craft of embroidering from his grandmother. 赵俊信从奶奶那里学到了刺绣的手艺。 来自互联网

  • 5 killing     
  • Investors are set to make a killing from the sell-off.投资者准备清仓以便大赚一笔。
  • Last week my brother made a killing on Wall Street.上个周我兄弟在华尔街赚了一大笔。

  • 6 culmination     
  • The space race reached its culmination in the first moon walk.太空竞争以第一次在月球行走而达到顶峰。
  • It may truly be regarded as the culmination of classical Greek geometry.这确实可以看成是古典希腊几何的登峰造级之作。

  • 7 applied     
  • She plans to take a course in applied linguistics.她打算学习应用语言学课程。
  • This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种乳霜最好晚上擦脸用。

  • 8 embroidered     
  • She embroidered flowers on the cushion covers. 她在这些靠垫套上绣了花。
  • She embroidered flowers on the front of the dress. 她在连衣裙的正面绣花。

  • 9 renovated     
    翻新,修复,整修( renovate的过去式和过去分词 )
  • He renovated his house. 他翻修了房子。
  • The house has been renovated three years earlier. 这所房子三年前就已翻新。

  • 10 chiaroscuro     
  • Caravaggio is famous for his use of chiaroscuro.卡拉瓦乔以其对明暗对照法的巧妙运用而出名。
  • Master combines elements of traditional chinese painting with western perspectiv,chiaroscuro,and color schemes.大师将中国传统的绘画技法与西方的透视法、明暗对照法和颜色组合融为一体。

  • 11 emulation     
  • The young man worked hard in emulation of his famous father.这位年轻人努力工作,要迎头赶上他出名的父亲。
  • His spirit of assiduous study is worthy of emulation.他刻苦钻研的精神,值得效法。

  • 12 appreciation     
  • I would like to express my appreciation and thanks to you all.我想对你们所有人表达我的感激和谢意。
  • I'll be sending them a donation in appreciation of their help.我将送给他们一笔捐款以感谢他们的帮助。

  • 13 scrolls     
    n.(常用于录写正式文件的)纸卷( scroll的名词复数 );卷轴;涡卷形(装饰);卷形花纹v.(电脑屏幕上)从上到下移动(资料等),卷页( scroll的第三人称单数 );(似卷轴般)卷起;(像展开卷轴般地)将文字显示于屏幕
  • Either turn it off or only pick up selected stuff like wands, rings and scrolls. 把他关掉然后只捡你需要的物品,像是魔杖(wand),戒指(rings)和滚动条(scrolls)。 来自互联网
  • Ancient scrolls were found in caves by the Dead Sea. 死海旁边的山洞里发现了古代的卷轴。 来自辞典例句

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