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鞭蜘蛛只是看起来很吓人

来源: 英语作文网 时间: 2016-03-22 阅读:
Would you be willing to spend each night in the company of 300,000 bats -- all in the service of science? UCLA biologist Kenneth Chapin did just that, for several weeks in 2012 and 2014, while conducting research in darkened caves in Puerto Rico. In addition to bats, the habitats were home to snakes, cockroaches1 and spiders.
 
He was studying whip spiders, a poorly understood relative of spiders and scorpions2. Unlike other spiders, whip spiders do not build webs, and they have very long claws.
 
"They look terrifying, but are actually delicate, timid and afraid of you," said Chapin, a UCLA doctoral candidate in ecology and evolutionary3 biology. "I was more excited than terrified."
 
A whip spider made a prominent appearance in the movie version of "Harry4 Potter and the Goblet5 of Fire," when a Hogwarts professor tortures the animal with magic. (In the J.K. Rowling book that the movie on which the movie is based, the creature is described as a spider that doesn't actually exist in nature.)
 
Scientists know of more than 150 species of whip spiders, whose scientific name is Amblypygi.
 
Many of Chapin's findings, along with those of other scientists, were published March 14, 2016 (PDF) in the cover article of the Journal of Arachnology. The report synthesizes more than 50 studies of whip spiders.Among the findings:
 
Whip spiders care for their young. After they mate, the female lays eggs and protects them. When babies hatch, they crawl onto their mother's back; the mother carries them for a number of weeks, and in some species, may care for them for several months or more. Fathers seem to have a limited, if any, role in the lives of their babies. The spiders fight to protect their territory, and are aggressive with one another. They eat crickets, cockroaches, grasshoppers6, small lizards7 and hummingbirds8. Some even eat members of their own species, often at the end of a fight between two adults. Whip spiders are eaten by bats and large lizards. They have a good sense of direction and can find their way back to their territory. They live on all continents, especially in warmer climates, including in deserts, caves and tree trunks. In the U.S., they live in the Southwest and Florida.



  
1 cockroaches     
n.蟑螂( cockroach的名词复数 )
参考例句:
  • At night, the cockroaches filled the house with their rustlings. 夜里,屋里尽是蟑螂窸窸瑟瑟的声音。 来自辞典例句
  • It loves cockroaches, and can keep a house clear of these hated insects. 它们好食蟑螂,可以使住宅免除这些讨厌昆虫的骚扰。 来自百科语句


  • 2 scorpions     
    n.蝎子( scorpion的名词复数 )
    参考例句:
  • You promise me that Black Scorpions will never come back to Lanzhou. 你保证黑蝎子永远不再踏上兰州的土地。 来自电影对白
  • You Scorpions are rather secretive about your likes and dislikes. 天蝎:蝎子是如此的神秘,你的喜好很难被别人洞悉。 来自互联网


  • 3 evolutionary     
    adj.进化的;演化的,演变的;[生]进化论的
    参考例句:
  • Life has its own evolutionary process.生命有其自身的进化过程。
  • These are fascinating questions to be resolved by the evolutionary studies of plants.这些十分吸引人的问题将在研究植物进化过程中得以解决。


  • 4 harry     
    vt.掠夺,蹂躏,使苦恼
    参考例句:
  • Today,people feel more hurried and harried.今天,人们感到更加忙碌和苦恼。
  • Obama harried business by Healthcare Reform plan.奥巴马用医改掠夺了商界。


  • 5 goblet     
    n.高脚酒杯
    参考例句:
  • He poured some wine into the goblet.他向高脚酒杯里倒了一些葡萄酒。
  • He swirled the brandy around in the huge goblet.他摇晃着高脚大玻璃杯使里面的白兰地酒旋动起来。


  • 6 grasshoppers     
    n.蚱蜢( grasshopper的名词复数 );蝗虫;蚂蚱;(孩子)矮小的
    参考例句:
  • Grasshoppers die in fall. 蚱蜢在秋天死去。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • There are usually a lot of grasshoppers in the rice fields. 稻田里通常有许多蚱蜢。 来自辞典例句


  • 7 lizards     
    n.蜥蜴( lizard的名词复数 )
    参考例句:
  • Nothing lives in Pompeii except crickets and beetles and lizards. 在庞培城里除了蟋蟀、甲壳虫和蜥蜴外,没有别的生物。 来自辞典例句
  • Can lizards reproduce their tails? 蜥蜴的尾巴断了以后能再生吗? 来自辞典例句


  • 8 hummingbirds     
    n.蜂鸟( hummingbird的名词复数 )
    参考例句:
  • Hummingbirds have discovered that nectar and pollen are very nutritious. 蜂鸟发现花蜜和花粉是很有营养的。
  • Why do hummingbirds and gorillas both have backbones? 为什么蜂鸟和大猩猩都有脊骨?



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